EMDR-et-TOC

Bibliographie EMDR et TOC

Pour ceux qui s’intéressent à la thématique EMDR et TOC, nous vous proposons une bibliographie et notamment une liste des principales recherches effectuées dans ce domaine.

Si vous souhaitez recommander d’autres recherches ou interventions scientifiques sur le thème EMDR et TOC, n’hésitez pas à les signaler dans les commentaires.

Recherches publiées sur le thème EMDR et TOC

Abyar Hosseini, A., Vaziry, S., & Lofti, F (2010, July). Comparison between combine EMDR and drug with drug only in reduction symptoms and severity of obsessive compulsive disorder. Poster presented at the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Melbourne, Australia

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Comparaison entre EMDR avec médicament et médicament seul pour réduire les symptômes et la gravité du TOC

Bae, H., Kim, D., & Ahn, J. (2006, September). [A case series of post-traumatic obsessive compulsive disorder: A six month follow-up evaluation]. Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 45(5), 476-480. Korean

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Série de cas de TOC post-traumatiques : évaluation de suivi après six mois

Marr (2010) a décrit la recherche de Bae, Kim et Ahn (2006) : “(ils) ont présenté deux cas cliniques de TOC dans lesquels ils n’ont pas été en mesure de démontrer un succès mesurable avec l’EMDR. Les participants étaient deux hommes, atteints d’un TOC chronique, qui n’avaient montré aucune réponse aux interventions pharmacologiques ou psychothérapeutique”. 

Bae et al. Parnell (2007)

Marr (2010) a décrit la recherche de Bae et al. Parnell (2007), qui, a modifié le protocole EMDR avec les deux patients, identifiant et résolvant les mémoires d’alimentation, conformément au modèle théorique AIP de Shapiro (2001) selon lequel le traitement des événements étiologiques avec EMDR atténuerait les symptômes du client. Les symptômes du TOC ne sont pas modifiés par le traitement.

M. Beucke, J.C., Sepulcre, J, Talukdar, T, Linnman, C., Zschenderlein, K, Endrass, T. Kaufmann, C &Kathmann, N. .(2013) Abnormally High Degree Connectivity of the Orbitofrontal Cortex in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. JAMA Psychiatry;70(6):619-629. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.173.

Böhm K, Voderholzer U (2010). Use of EMDR in Treatment of ObsessivCompulsiv Disoders: A Case Series. Verhaltenstherapie; 20: 175-181 (DOI: 10.1159/000319439)

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Utilisation de l’EMDR dans le traitement des TOC : une série de cas

Böhm K (2011). Die Therapiemethode EMDR bei Zwängen. Z-aktuell; 4: 6-7.

Böhm, Karsten (?). Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and EMDR. In Luber, Marilyn (Hrsg.): Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summery Sheets: Treating Trauma, Anxiety and Mood-Related Conditions, Springer New York, 2. Edition, Chapter 13.

Böhm, Karsten (2014). EMDR bei Zwangsstörungen. In Hofmann, Arne (Hrsg.): EMDR: Praxishandbuch zur Behandlung traumatisierter Menschen, Thieme, 5. Auflage, 156-157.

Bohm, K. (2015) EMDR Scripted Protocol for OCD, In Luber, EMDR Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets for EMDR Therapy, Treating Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive, and Mood Related Disorders.

Corrigan, F. M., & Jennett, J. (2004, August). Ephedra alkaloids and brief relapse in EMDR-treated obsessive compulsive disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110(2), 158. doi:10.1111/j.1600-047.2004.00368.x. 

Cusimano, A. (2018). EMDR in the treatment of adolescent obsessive-compulsive disorder: A case study. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 12(4), 242-254. doi:10.1891/1933-3196.12.4.242

La plupart des preuves empiriques à l’appui de l’efficacité de la désensibilisation et du retraitement des mouvements oculaires (EMDR) concernent des personnes souffrant de trouble de stress post-traumatique (SSPT). Cette étude de cas fait état du traitement réussi du trouble obsessionnel-compulsif (TOC) chez un homme de 13 ans utilisant l’approche classique à trois temps de l’EMDR dans le cadre d’un cabinet privé. Le protocole actuel aborde l’événement initial, la détresse actuelle liée à cet événement, ainsi que l’anticipation et la planification d’événements futurs redoutés. Le participant a reçu 15 séances d’EMDR. Après un suivi de 90 jours après le traitement, il y avait une diminution substantielle des symptômes de TOC (modérés à subcliniques) mesurés par l’échelle obsessionnelle-compulsive de Yale-Brown de Children, indiquant une taille d’effet importante (d = 0,81). La présente étude fournit des informations sur le traitement des TOC à l’adolescence et explique en quoi l’utilisation de l’approche à trois temps (passé, présent et futur) de l’EMDR peut être un outil efficace. Les limites de l’étude et les suggestions pour la recherche clinique future sont discutées.

Deacon, B. J., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2004, April). Cognitive and behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: A review of meta-analytic findings. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 60(4), 429–441. 

De Jongh, A., Ten Broeke, E., & Renssen, M. R. (1999). Treatment of specific phobias with eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) : Protocol, empirical status, and conceptual issues. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 13(1), 69-85. 

Ernst, E. (2004, August). Ephedra alkaloids and brief relapse in EMDR-treated obsessive compulsive disorder, Reply. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110(2), 159. 

Feske, U., & Goldstein, A. J. (1997). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing treatment for panic disorder: A controlled outcome and partial dismantling study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65(6), 1026. 

Grosso, F. C. (1996, June). Children and OCD :  Extending the treatment paradigm. EMDRIA Newsletter.

Kawamura. W. (2009, May). [EMDR sessions of a woman with obsessive-compulsive disorder]. Japanese Journal of EMDR Research and Practice, 1(1), 44-52. Japanese

Kennan, P., Farrell, D., Kennan, L., & Ingham, C. (2018, November). Treating obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) using eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy: An ethno-phenomenological case series. International Journal of Psychotherapy, 22, (3), 74-91

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Traiter le TOC à l’aide de l’EMDR – série de cas ethno-phénoménologiques

Marquis, P and Sprowls, C. (2015), In Luber, M. Ed. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy Scripted Protocols and Summary Sheets Treating Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive, and Mood-Related Conditions. Chapter 6. Springer Publications.  

Marr, J. (2012). EMDR treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: Preliminary research. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 6(1), 2-15. doi:10.1891/1933-3196.6.1.2

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Traitement EMDR du trouble obsessionnel-compulsif – recherches préliminaires

Marsden, Z., Teahan, A., Lovell, K., Blore, D., & Delgadillo, J. (2018). Patients’ experiences of cognitive behavioural therapy and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing as treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. doi:10.1002/capr.12159

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Expériences de patients en matière de TCC et de désensibilisation et d’EMDR comme traitements du TOC (publication en septembre 2019)

Hedayat Nazari, Nahid Momeni, Mojgan Jariani & Mohammad Javad Tarrahi (2011)  Comparison of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing with citalopram in treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, volume 15, issue 4, 2011

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Comparaison entre EMDR et citalopram dans le traitement du TOC

Mazzon, G.-P., Pozza, A., La Mela, C., & Fernandez, I. (2017, October). CBT combined with EMDR for resistant refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder: Report of three cases. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 14(5), 345-356

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : TCC et EMDR pour le TOC réfractaire résistant – trois cas 

Nijdam, M., Pol, M. V. D., Dekens, R., Olff, M., & Denys, D. (2013, January). Treatment of sexual trauma dissolves contamination fear: Case report. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 4, 19157. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.19157

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : Le traitement d’un traumatisme sexuel dissout la peur de la contamination

Oh. J.S., Jang, J.H., Jung, W.H., Kang, D.H., Choi, J.S., Kubicki, M, Shenton, M.E. & Kwon, J.S., (2011). Reduced fronto-callosal fiber integrity in unmedicated OCD patients: A diffusion tractography studyHum Brain Mapp 33:2441–2452, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Article first published online: 16 SEP 201. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.21372

Olson, T. (2001). Four therapists and a client: A personal journey. Psychiatric Services, 52(2), 165-166.

 Onofri, A. (2010). Pensare la mente del padre. Psicoterapia Cognitiva orientata dalla teoria dell’attaccamento e approccio EMDR: Un caso clinico disturbo ossessivo compulsivo [Thinking about the mind of the father. Cognitive Theory guided by attachment and EMDR approach: A clinical case of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder]. In L. Onnis (a cura di), Legami che creano, legami che curano. Attaccamento: una teoria ponte per la psicoterapia, (pp. ). Bollati Boringhieri, Torino, Italy. 

Popky, A. J. (2009). The desensitization of triggers and urge reprocessing (DeTUR) protocol. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) scripted protocols: special populations. Springer, New York, 489-511.  

Pozza Andrea, Mazzoni Gian Paolo, Tiziana Neri Maria, Bisciglia Rossano, La Mela Carmelo,  Fernandez Isabel, Dettore Davide (2014) Tackling Trauma to Overcome OCD Resistance” (The TTOOR Florence trial) Efficacy of EMDR plus CBT versus CBT Alone for Inpatients with Resistant Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Protocol for a Randomized Comparative Outcome Trial, American Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 2, n° 5, 114-22

En savoir plus sur cette recherche : S’attaquer aux traumatismes pour surmonter la résistance aux TOC

Schwartz, J.M. and Begley, S. (2002). The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force. Harper Collins.  

Shapiro, F., & Forrest, M. S. (2016). EMDR: The breakthrough therapy for overcoming anxiety, stress, and trauma. Basic Books. 

Thyer, B. A. (2001, January). Research on social work practice does not benefit from blurry theory: A response to Tomi Gomory. Journal of Social Work Education, 37(1), 51-66

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a well-supported evidence-based psychosocial treatment that clinically and significantly helps clients meeting the DSM criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Dozens of well-controlled clinical trials and dozens of single-subject studies bear this out, many designed and conducted by social workers. Most of these studies have involved Caucasian clients, a few used African Americans. But both groups seem to respond well, as do both males and females. Suppose a social worker has a new client from Mongolia with OCD. Falsificationism may well be the strongest approach to scientific inquiry regarding the validity of theories. The American Psychiatric Association used the following types of evidence in developing its practice guidelines: a randomized clinical trial, prospectively designed with double-blind assessments and treatment and control groups, a clinical trial, similarly prospective, but lacking blind assessments or control groups, cohort or longitudinal studies and case-control studies, retrospective studies of clients. [Author abstract]

Yoshida, T., Akishino, Y., & Shibata, K. (2005, March). [EMDR was introduced into the reaction of patients exposed to smooth the interference case of OCD]. Psychiatry, 6(3), 285-288. Japanese

Projets de recherche

Leeds Primary Care Mental Health and Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) Service : recherche en cours : Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) versus Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in the treatment of Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

Interventions sur le thème EMDR et TOC

Adler-Tapia, R., & Settle, C. (2009, August). Case conceptualization: Decision points in EMDR with children for attachment, dissociation, and concurrent diagnosis including OCD, ADHD, and PTSD. Presentation at the 14th EMDR International Association Conference, Atlanta, GA

This presentation will focus on illustrating decision points in EMDR in case conceptualization with children involving complex diagnoses. Videotapes will include sessions with young children diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attachment traumas, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), dissociation and other diagnoses. This is an interactive workshop where participants are encouraged to bring questions about the protocol and challenging issues in practice. Areas to be discussed: how attachment affects the progression of EMDR, at what point does dissociation impact the protocol, and at what point does the therapist consider installing mastery, resource development, or the Inverse Protocol.

Allemagne, K. L. (2009, August). The use of EMDR with treatment resistant patients suffering from chronic obsessive-compulsive disorder. Poster presented at the 14th EMDR International Association Conference, Atlanta, GA

En savoir plus sur ce poster : Utilisation d’EMDR chez des patients résistant au traitement et souffrant de TOC chronique

Bhadlikar, D. (2014, January). EMDR with obsessive compulsive disorder ? an Indian experience. In EMDR in the treatment of fears and phobias/eating disorders/borderline disorder (Derek Farrell, Chair). Presentation at the 2nd EMDR Asia International Conference, Manila, The Philippines

This is a history of a 35 yrs. old man who came with symptoms of OCD. He was initially treated with medication and CBT. He did show some improvement and was maintained on medication. He did not follow-up for a long time. He narrated an incident, which he believed had started it all, on his visit after 3 years. He was being treated by another psychiatrist. Client wanted to decrease the dosage of medicine. This was done and EMDR was tried on that incident. He showed a lot of improvement. Culture specific resources and cognitive interweaves were used. Medication was continued on a low dose. He did not follow-up for 2 years. When he did, the recovery was still maintained. He had continued low-dose medication, intermittently, without advice. The original memory was no longer bothering him.

Bohm, K. (2010, June). [EMDR in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder]. Presentation at the 11th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Hamburg, Germany

In this practice-oriented workshop the use of EMDR with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) will be presented and practiced. During this workshop we will cover the special features of using EMDR as well as the combination thereof with stimulus confrontation (exposure exercises). An altered standard record will be implemented, the “timing of the therapy” of EMDR will be shown and the typical problems relating to the regulation of emotions will be looked into.

Bohm, K. (2011, June). EMDR in der behandlung der zwangsstörung [EMDR in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder]. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the EMDR Europe Association, Vienna, Austria. 

Bohm, K. (2011, June). [EMDR in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder]. Presentation at the 12th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Vienna, Austria. German

In this hands-on workshop, the use of EMDR is presented with OCD and practiced. It is specific to the use of EMDR as well as to respond to stimulus combination confrontation (exposure exercises). A modified standard protocol is introduced, demonstrated the “treatment timing” of EMDR and discussed common problems in emotion regulation. Learning objectives: An important focus is always in the therapy on the personality and life history of the patient. You will learn to tailor to the particular personality and EMDR to consider the kind of coercion. Washing compulsions for example, often require different strategies than pure obsessions. The workshop therapy videos are shown, and rehearsed the practical approach and teaches the theory on this vividly. He addresses both behavioral therapy and psychodynamic to working colleagues.

Bohm, K. (2012, June). Use of EMDR in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorders: A case series.  Presentation at the 13th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Madrid, Spain

Bohm, K. (2012, September). [EMDR in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder]. Presentation at the German Society OCD Conference, Muenster, Germany

In this hands-on workshop, the use of EMDR is presented with OCD and practiced. It is specific to the use of EMDR as well as to respond to stimulus combination confrontation (exposure exercises). A modified standard protocol is introduced, demonstrated the “treatment timing” of EMDR and discussed common problems in emotion regulation. Learning objectives: An important focus is always in the therapy on the personality and life history of the patient. You will learn to tailor to the particular personality and EMDR to consider the kind of coercion. Washing compulsions for example, often require different strategies than pure obsessions. The workshop therapy videos are shown, and rehearsed the practical approach and teaches the theory on this vividly. He addresses both behavioral therapy and psychodynamic to working colleagues.

Brown Suzan, EMDR in the treatment of OCD

Cohen-Posey, K. (2000, September). The role of ‘second-order’ NCs in anxiety disorders and relationship problems. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the EMDR International Association, Toronto, Ontario Canada. 

 Corrigan, F. M., & Jennett, J. (2004, August). Ephedra alkaloids and brief relapse in EMDR-treated obsessive compulsive disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110(2), 158. doi:10.1111/j.1600-047.2004.00368.x. 

Crichton, N. (2014, June). Understanding and treating resistance in OCD through EMDR. In EMDR research symposium (Derek Farrell, Chair). Symposium presented at the 15th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland

Ernst, E. (2004, August). Ephedra alkaloids and brief relapse in EMDR-treated obsessive compulsive disorder, Reply. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110(2), 159. 

Keenan Paul, Keenan Lynn, Hingham Claire, Farrell Drek (2014) Treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder [OCD], using Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing [EMDR]: A Case Series Design, intervention lors de la 15th european conference, Edinburgh.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is characterised by recurrent obsessions (thoughts, images, impulses that are deemed to be intrusive, unacceptable, uncontrollable and ego dystonic) and compulsions (repetitive behaviours that can be overt or covert, E. G .excessive hand washing or ruminations) (DSM 5. 2013) The main psychological treatment paradigm for OCD is Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy (CBP), (NICE 2005, Salkovskis 2008, Deacon et al 2004). However it must be acknowledged that whilst CBP can be effective, not all clients respond well to CBP and even when they do the level of improvement varies (Roth 2006). Rector et al (2009) report high “drop out” rates of up to 40% of people suffering from OCD and receiving CBP. Various studies have demonstrated that interventions that focus upon the way clients appraise the content of their obsessive thoughts, rather than focussing on the thought itself, produce better and longer lasting results (Salkovskis 2008; Deakon et al 2004; Clark 2000 & Rackman 1993) The focus on the clients appraisals of their thoughts, over responsibility (Salkovskis 1998), Issues surrounding control (Clark 2001) and issues surrounding safety (Rachman 1998) rather than fussing on the behaviours and compulsions themselves allows for other forms of psychological interventions such as EMDR to be considered.

Logie, R. (2011, October). EMDR: A new OCD protocol. Presentation at the 3rd annual EMDR Autumn Workshop Conference, Durham, England

Marr, J. (2011, October). EMDR: Developments in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder. Presentation at the 3rd Annual EMDR Yorkshire Autumn Workshop Conference, Durham, England

The use of Eye Movement, Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) with the addition of a Mental Videotape with any disturbance experience by the client reprocessed with EMDR has been trialled within this research document as an alternative to exposure and response prevention (Ex/RP) or a combination of Ex/RP and CBT, for the treatment of OCD. The main hypothesis addressed was that an adapted form of EMDR with the inclusion of a Mental Videotape could also address OCD, where the Mental Videotape would replace the Exposure and the EMDR used to reprocess the response. (Author abstract)

Marr John (2013 October) OCD and EMDR Presentation at the 5th Annual EMDR Yorkshire Autumn Workshop Conference, Durham, England

Morris, M. (2009, March 4). OCD & PSTD. Pulse, 69(7), 25-27, 3.  Nisi, A. (2003, May). Non conventional EMDR protocols in treatment of resistant OCD patients (Non or poor responders). In Anxiety disorders. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the EMDR Europe Assocation, Rome, Italy. 

Nisi, A. (2003, May). Non conventional EMDR protocols in treatment of resistant OCD patients (Non or poor responders). In Anxiety disorders. Symposium conducted at the 4th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Rome, Italy

O’Donnell, I. (2002, June). EMDR in the treatment of OCD and eating disorders. Presentation at the 7th EMDR International Association Conference, San Diego, CA

Rijkeboer, M., & van der Mark, W. (2011, April). [Therapy resistant coercion: How EMDR can provide a solution to OCD]. Presentation at the 5th Vereniging EMDR Nederland Conference, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Dutch

The workshop is first a theoretical exposition: why EMDR OCD? New research from cognitive psychology and hypotheses about how EMDR OCD come up for discussion. After a case is presented and also video graphics data.

Shaddel, F. (2016). EMDR for treatment of anxiety disorder in a patient with intellectual disability. The Open Conference Proceedings Journal, 7, 149-152. doi:10.2174/2210289201607010149

Sprowls, C., & Marquis, P. (2012, June). Treatment of OCD. Presentation at the 13th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Madrid, Spain

Sprowls, C., & Marquis, P. (2013, September). The neurobiology and treatment of obsessive compulsive disorders utilizing EMDR. Presentation at the 18th EMDR International Association Conference, Austin, TX

Dr. Marquis and Dr. Sprowls will present on the Neurobiology of OCD and the treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, using Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, (EMDR). This treatment is based on clinical research and practice, integrating discussion of current neuroscience about the “Worry Circuit” and Anxiety Disorder treatments such as interoceptive exposure, psycho-education, mindfulness, relaxation training, breathing retraining, cognitive techniques and exposure and response prevention with EMDR.

St. Andre, E. (2009, August). EMDR and OCD. Presentation at the 14th EMDR International Association Conference, Atlanta, GA

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a chronic illness with recurrent obsessions, persistent thoughts and compulsions, such as repetitive behaviors that are performed after obsessions. Current treatment for such a disorder includes antidepressants (SSRI, with additional treatment such as antipsychotics) and psychotherapy, usually cognitive behavioral approaches. Nevertheless, there is a lack of available evidence for the long-term effectiveness of psychological treatment (Cochrane Reviews on OCD treatment will be cited). EMDR can be useful in a severe case of OCD and might be of interest for other therapists struggling with OCD cases in their caseload.

St. André, É. (2010, Avril/Mai). EMDR dans le traitement d’un trouble obsessif compulsif: Une étude de cas [EMDR in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder: A case study]. Atelier présenté à la réunion annuelle de l’EMDR Canada, Toronto, Ontario. 

Le trouble obsessif compulsif (TOC) est un trouble anxieux généralement chronique se présentant avec des obsessions récurrentes tel des idées persistantes, des images mentales et des compulsions (suivant les obsessions) tel des actes physiques ou mentaux répétitifs. Dans cet atelier, le médecin fournira des indications cliniques sur son utilisation de l’EMDR dans le traitement d’un patient souffrant de TOC, et donnera quelques exemples tirés de la pratique d’autres cliniciens, en sus d’une révision des notions de base utiles à la compréhension du TOC (théorie neurobiologiques, épidémiologie, etc.). La présentatrice tentera de souligner ce qu’il y a d’unique dans l’utilisation de l’EMDR dans le traitement de l’OCD, les difficultés rencontrées et les solutions utilisées dans ce cas précis. Elle décrira l’utilisation de la méthode de traitement standard en 8 étapes dans un cas spécifique, et dans les modalités de temps (passé, présent, futur), Nous verrons l’identification des cibles de traitement, et la gestion des symptômes de TOC qui entravent le fonctionnement quotidien des patients affectés. Nous verrons aussi les défis proposés par cette population, en clinique. Les participants pourront utiliser certaines stratégies dans un exercice pratique. (Tous les niveaux)

Strom, I., & Christie, H. (2001, May). Possible EMDR targets when working with children diagnosed with OCD: A case history. Poster presented at the 2nd EMDR Europe Association Conference, London, England

This poster will describe a girl who is 13 years of age and how she is living with mother and stepfather, her symptoms and her obsessive thought and actions. The poster will give information about a girl who is a very lively and charming person and who is strongly motivated to get help. There will be information about how the girl’s life is strongly influenced by obsessions both thoughts and actions and her symptoms. For example, she feels frequently she must ask whether it will be a fire, if there is any risk for her being contaminated, or if she will get different diseases like AIDS, or even getting pregnant. How the girl thinks she can hurt other persons and that she will get hurt herself. For example the girl has to check and dry off the toilet several times before, leaving, she also thinks she must wash her hands several times a day. She could seldom stay or play with her friends. Further the poster will describe how she enjoys school and feels sorry for having to do all the constant asking and the different rituals – how she understands that it is stupid to go on doing what she does – and that she can not help it. The poster will give examples of targets, how and when the EMDR is used in the treatment. Information on the poster about the treatment, and the experience and effect of the EMDR interventions. This information from the therapeutic process will be separately provided and presented from the girl, the mother and the therapist.

Whisman, M. (1992, April). Obsessive compulsive disorder. Paper presented at the EMDR Network Conference, Sunnyvale, CA. 

Whisman, M. (1993, March). OCD and EMD/R. Presentation at the EMDR Network Conference, Sunnyvale, CA

Whisman, M. (1996, June). EMDR in the treatment of panic, phobia, and obsessive compulsive disorders. Presentation at the 1st EMDR International Association Conference, Denver, CO

I have been using EMDR to treat Anxiety Disorders for five years now. I received my training back when Francine taught Level I herself. EMDR is to mental health what penicillin was to medicine. It seemed to me that I had traded in a jack hammer for a laser beam.

Whisman, M., & Keller, M. (1999, June). Integrating EMDR in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder. Presentation at the 4th EMDR International Association Conference, Las Vegas, NV

Whisman, M. (2000, May). Treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) with EMDR. Presentation at the 1st EMDR Europe Association Conference, Utrecht, Netherlands

Yoeli, F. R. (2001, December). Uncovering the dissociative ego states under the mask of OCD. Presentation at the International Society for the Study of Dissociation 18th Annual International Conference, New Orleans, LA

Yoeli, F. R. (2002, May/June). Life in the shadow of anxiety; The mask of OCD: and EMDR. Presentation at the 3rd EMDR Europe Association Conference, Frankfurt, Germany

My focus today is on the etiology of the trauma-based predisposition to OCD. I would like to demonstrate how the obsessive-compulsive disorder serves the dissociative adult as a MASK thereby maintaining the hidden status of both the traumatic memories, and the dissociation; and finally I would like to demonstrate how EMDR can be used to target the OCD as an ego state to uncover the dissociated parts, the anxiety and the original trauma. I would like to share with you some thoughts and examples from my clinic in the form of these goals, which you will find in your handouts:…[Author abstract]

Yoeli, F. R., & Prattos-Spongalides, T. A. (2004, June). OCD: Anxiety, rituals, co-morbidity or altered state? Treatment outcomes with EMDR. In anxiety disorders and EMDR (A. de Jongh, Chair). Symposium conducted at the 5thEMDR Europe Association Conference, Stockholm, Sweden

Trauma-generated OCD repeats the trauma through its own ritual behavior patterns. This altered state re-traumatizes the core personality through the repetition of rituals similar to the original trauma. The presenters hypothesize that trauma-based OCD is an altered state not co-morbid with diagnosis for dissociative disorders. This OCD persona served the dissociative adult cope with traumatic memories changing and influencing reactions to ongoing trauma, life choices, and other behavior patterns.  This aim of this workshop is to focus on the development of trauma-based, anxiety-motivated dissociative states. Life in the shadow of chronic anxiety stemming from living under constant and consistent life-threatening conditions produces a (sub)-population of persons suffering from PTS/D. The anxiety and fear from elements of unprocessed traumatic events are retained and embedded in the body and are repeatedly triggered in daily life. This PTSD population dissociates into anxiety-based altered states ranging along a continuum from mild tension to phobias, panic attacks, denial, PCD, aggression, indifference and apathy and finally full blown trauma generated OCD. The presenters provide cross-cultural examples demonstrating how ongoing threat of man-made or natural disasters often leads to a dissociative OCD state. Case examples are explored which demonstrate how processing with EMDR effectively enables resolution and change. EMDR is particularly useful in processing the “anxiety” via current behavior patterns. Objectives: 1) to examine the co-morbidity aspects of trauma-based OCD and dissociation 2) to present the parallel continuums of types of stress and anxiety (on the intensity and severity axis 3) to compare the differences and similarities in behavioral patterns in different cultures under the stress of constant threat of annihilation (man-made vs. natural threats) 4) to demonstrate the effectiveness of EMDR on trauma induced OCD, through case illustration and discussion.

Newsletter et Magazine EMDR et TOC

Bohm, K. (2009, February/May). [Use of EMDR in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorders]. EMDRIA Deutschland e.V. Rundbrief, 18, 30-35. German

de Jongh, A. (2014, May). [EMDR in obsessive compulsive disorder]. EMDR Magazine, 4, 56-59. Dutch

Grosso, F. C. (1996, June). Children and OCD: Extending the treatment paradigm. EMDRIA Newsletter, 1(1), 10-11

Morris, M. (2009, March 4). OCD & PSTD. Pulse, 69(7), 25-27, 3

The article focuses on the conditions with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These conditions often have distressing recurrent and persistent thoughts called obsessions. Hence, the author has noted that the use of a technique known as eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) has been gaining popularity on its effectiveness and even claimed to have helped in laying disturbing memories to rest.

Livres EMDR et TOC

Onofri, A. (2010). [Thinking about the mind of the father. Cognitive Theory guided by attachment and EMDR approach: A clinical case of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder]. In L. Onnis (a cura di), Legami che creano, legami che curano. Attaccamento: una teoria ponte per la psicoterapia (pp. ). Bollati Boringhieri, Torino, Italy. Italian

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